• Consultants on marine transportation of foods. Food scientists and engineers. Cargo surveyors. From New Jersey, U. S. A. and Valencia, Spain
  • Specialized consultants and cargo surveyors with more than 40 years of experience in damage surveys and claim investigations
  • Investigation of damage to food cargoes in reefer and dry containers: temperature records, ventilation, delays, product condition, packaging, stuffing, stripping and cargo transfer.
  • Reefer and dry containers: supervision of stuffing and stripping operations.
  • Evaluation of the cause of damages occurred during storage and transportation of grains, cocoa, coffee, oil-seeds, fertilizers, sugar and other dry cargo.
  • Scientific consultants in legal cases. Critical review and analysis of documentation and evidence gathered. Expert evidence for litigation.  
  • Surveys and analysis of damage during transportation of fresh and frozen foods in reefer containers: bananas, avocados, stone fruits, apples, pears, grapes, meats, fish, seafood....
  • On-line training courses and e-Books on maritime transportation of foods
  • Containers: supervision of stuffing and stripping operations

    Cargo Inspection Service offers pre-shipment, stuffing and stripping inspection services for exportation and importation products in reefer and dry containers, evaluating and supervising the following aspects:

    • Visual inspection of containers:

    Unit physical evaluation. Preparation and cleaning. Infestation check. Review of PTI (Pre-trip Inspection) label and the cargo label (refrigerated cargo). Review of refrigerated cargo parameters (temperature set point, evaporator defrost interval, air exchange, relative humidity, gas composition and preparation of controlled/modified atmosphere units. 

    • Product appearance and visual condition.
    • Evaluation of quality parameters for fruits and vegetables (ripening, diseases, physiological disorders and defects).
    • In place quick physical and chemical analysis using rapid methods and equipment (moisture, size, texture, upon request).
    • Cargo sampling for laboratory analysis according to statistical sampling methods. Sealing, identification, preservation and custody of samples for delivery to a local laboratory (upon request of the client).
    • Detection of defective packaging: units torn, stained, deformed, beaten, with defective sealing.
    • Product temperature statistics at the moment of stuffing or stripping.
    • Evaluation of packaging, palletizing, stowage and lashing in containers and their incidence with air flow within the unit (reefers).
    • Revision of quantity parameters: type, number of packages, weights and marks according to the packing list.
    • Checking compliance with the maximum payload of the container.
    • Stuffing log and facts including precipitations, ambient temperature and air relative humidity.
    • Audiovisual or photographic record of the stuffing/stripping process.
    • Witnessing placement of seals.

    Documents required for a survey

    Quote and availability

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  • Damage and Cargo Claim Investigations

    Cargo Inspection Service offers advice on the maritime carriage and storage of a wide variety of food and agricultural products and carries out survey investigations of cargo damage carried in bulk or in reefer and dry containers.

    Likewise, we carry out the review and analysis of information, documents and interpretation of laboratory analysis in claims related to the maritime transportation and storage of food products as well as cargo claim investigations.

    This service is directed to P&I Clubs and their local correspondents, shipping lines, shipowners and charterers, cargo underwriters, importers, exporters and other entities involved in marine transportation. We have more than 40 years experience in damage investigations during marine transportation, including cargo in bulk, cargo in reefer and dry containers, liquid cargoes and reefer vessels.

    Documents required for a survey

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  • Reefer containers. Refrigerated and Frozen Cargo.

    Understanding condensation problems in transportation

    We are independent consultants and cargo surveyors specializing on reefer transportation of foods and other agricultural products, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and temperature sensitive products, in reefer containers and reefer compartments of vessels, carried under normal, modified or controlled atmosphere.

    Our service includes loading surveys for assessing product condition and quality parameters (including ripening stage, presence of diseases, disorders and defects in fruits and vegetables); evaluation of cargo temperature at the moment of loading or stuffing refrigerated cargo (frozen foods, fresh fruits and vegetables); and assessment of the condition of other temperature sensitive cargo .

    We are able to determine the nature, extension and origin of damage during transportation of refrigerated cargo, and evaluate aspects such as optimal transportation temperature, packaging, ventilation, air circulation, fresh air exchange, stowage and palletizing patterns, modified and controlled atmospheres, as well as aspects related to the physical condition of containers and refrigeration system operation.

    Also, we have developed technical software to optimize container stuffing, calculate fresh air exchange, simulate the performance of reefer containers and estimate the product residual shelf-life consumed by temperature deviation in transit.

    We also supervise placement of seals in containers and ship holds, and cargo transfers in containers.

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  • Food and Agricultural Products

    Serving Valencia, Spain and New Jersey, U.S.A., and consultation services for all the world, Cargo Inspection Service carries out highly specialized cargo surveys of food and agricultural products to assess their condition, the cause and extent of damage. Sampling of cargoes is done according to international standards (Mil. Std 105-D/ USDA /Codex /ICMSF/ISO 2859, GAFTA, FOSFA), in order to guarantee statistically representative sampling procedures. We are able to take aseptic samples for microbiological analysis.

    Also, we are in the capacity to carry out rapid field tests for grains (moisture, density, % damaged grain, infestation); fresh fruits and vegetables (pressure test, size, acidity, °Brix, ratio, salt, objective ripening tests); freshness of meats and shellfish enzyme activity; seawater contamination; packaging evaluation (including cans and hermetically sealed containers). Microbiological analyses (SPC, coliforms, mold and yeast count, specific microorganisms) and mycotoxins can be done in external facilities.

    The surveys include refrigerated cargo and dry products such as:

      • Green coffee, cocoa beans and cocoa products (liquor, powder, and butter).
      • Fresh fruits, vegetables and nuts: plantain, banana, mango, pineapple, melon, watermelon, papaya, citrus, tomato, avocado, onion, garlic, table and seed potato, apple, pear, plum, peach, nectarine, grape, kiwi, persimmon, cherries, strawberries, etc.
      • Bulk and bagged grain, oil-seeds and legumes: corn, wheat, sorghum, rice, barley, malt, oats, sesame seed, cottonseed, soybean, soybean meal, corn gluten meal, beans, etc.
      • Crude and processed fats and oils.
      • Refrigerated and frozen foods, including fruits and vegetables, fruit pulps, juices and concentrates; fresh and frozen foods of animal origin (meats, seafood, fish, shellfish, poultry and eggs).
      • Products carried or stored under modified atmosphere, controlled atmosphere or vacuum packed.
      • Dairy products: milk, dried milk, cheese, ice cream, fermented products and other dairy products.
      • Other foods: wine, beer, spirits, pastries, candy, sugar, salt and processed foods.

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  • Grains, Fats and Oils, Fertilizers, Chemicals

    Surveys of Dry Cargo, Fertilizers, Chemicals, Steel and Forest Products

    Our firm has vast experience in the storage and ocean transportation of cereal grains, oil seeds, seed cake cargoes  (soybean meal, corn gluten, pollard pellets, sunflower pellets and cottonseed meal), fish meal, fats, oils, as well as products such as coffee, cocoa beans, sugar, dry milk, fertilizers and chemicals.

    Our expertise includes the investigation of damage to products stored or transported in bulk, break-bulk or containerized, involving seawater, condensation, contamination, mycotoxins, infestation and spontaneous combustion, as well as damage to fertilizers, including reconditioning operations and determination of the critical moisture content to prevent caking during transportation and storage.


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  • Scientific Advice in Legal Cases. Risk Management. Loss Prevention

    Legal cases. Cargo Inspection Service operates from New Jersey, U.S.A. and Valencia, Spain, providing scientific and technical advice in legal cases to local and international maritime law offices, maritime lawyers, cargo underwriters and P&I Clubs, as well as critical review and analysis of documentation and evidence gathered and provision of expert evidence for litigation.

    We have served as expert witness in international courts regarding cases related to grains in bulk, cocoa in bags, barley malt, potatoes, seed potatoes and other reefer cargo. Also, we have been appointed by courts as experts to assess the nature, cause and extension of damage during marine transportation of fresh and processed foods, fertilizers and chemical products.

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    Loss prevention. Cargo Inspection Service offers technical and scientific advice for exporters and shipping lines regarding the optimal quality/condition required for the marine transportation of foods.  Our service includes the best methods of packaging, palletization and stowage; temperature monitoring and stuffing in reefer/dry containers. Also, in the special preparation of containers/holds for cargo transportation in order to prevent or mitigate condensation damage in transit and cargo claims.

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    Risk assessment. HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points) methodology was applied and adapted by our firm to the assessment of hazards and risks involved in the transportation of foods by sea. Its application resulted in the prevention of damages and costly claims during transportation and in a more reliable operations. This concept has been applied successfully on behalf of a major international marine container line, carrying food in reefer containers around the world. Sound management of transportation risks resulted in a drastic reduction of claims. This loss prevention work was applied to frozen seafood, but can be applied to any frozen or perishable food, including fresh fruits and vegetables. The prevention work usually include aspects such as plant inspections and audits to assess transportation risks in exportation products and the review of processing techniques, packaging, freezing methods, controls, material handling, proper stuffing and stowage, in order to reduce risks and eventual transportation claims

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Cargo Inspection Service